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Simple method to identify fabric
Nov 07, 2016

Sensory method needs some experience, but it's not that hard to do, as long as the usual shopping intentionally touch of various fabrics, will be harvested over time.

From the following four aspects of fibers can be roughly divided

Hand: soft silk, rayon and nylon.

Weight: lighter than silk, nylon, acrylic, polypropylene; is heavier than silk cotton, linen, viscose, fiber-rich; and similarly vinylon silk weight, wool, acetate, polyester.

Strength: with his hand stretched to breaking, weak strength is rubberized, acetate fiber, wool; good are silk, cotton, linen, synthetic fabrics,; wet strength decreased significantly after the protein fibers, viscose, Cupro.

Elongation filling: drawing with his hand felt greater elongation is wool, acetate tow; smaller is cotton, linen; moderate, viscose silk, rich and most of the synthetic fiber.

Silk feels soft, elastic, light rubbing with silk song, cool feeling and rayon feel stiff and cold.

Silk gloss softer bright without dazzling; rayon Sheen similar to metals.

Hold and release the fabric, silk less wrinkled than rayon.

Water droplets on fabric, rub with your hands break rayon, silk is more solid.

Through the sensory characteristics of fibers

Characteristics of fiber names, feel

Cotton slim soft, elastic, easy to fold.

Ma feels coarse, often have defects.

Shiny, soft and light, pinch caught rustling sound, a sense of cool.

Wool elastic, soft gloss, feel warm, not easily wrinkled.

Polyester elastic, smooth, strength, stiffness, with a sense of cool.

Nylon is not easy to pull off, elastic, smooth and light texture, not as soft.

Vinylon cotton, the luster has faded, than cotton is soft, elastic is bad, easy to knit.

Acrylic warm and good strength, lighter than cotton, soft, fluffy feeling.

Softer than cotton viscose fibers, surface gloss is stronger than cotton, but poor colour fastness.

Second, sign recognition method:

Sensory limitations of the method is less detailed, but not wide, synthetic and blended fabric can do little. For some reputable malls or lingerie brand, directly from the identity card to identify fabric composition. These signs only through quality testing agencies testing can hang, have a strong authority. Such signs marked on two, one is the fiber names, and second, fiber content (usually expressed as a percentage). Sometimes you will find signs on the fiber names are in English, looking very hard, here are some fibers of the common English name.

Spandex cotton Cotton acrylic Acrylic Linen Polyurethanes

Polypropylene Polypropylene silk Silk Wool wool an-VDC copolymer fibers Polyvinyl Chloride

Viscose Rayon Cupro Cuprammonuium (Cupro)

Polyester Polyester cellulose acetate, Acetate

PA Polyamide (nylon) Nylon elastane Polythane (Elastean) vinylon Vinal

Nitrocellulose rayon Silk